Bowls or lawn bowls is a sport in which the objective is to roll biased balls so that they stop close to a smaller ball called a "jack" or "kitty". It is played on a bowling green.

The first bowler (the lead) places the mat and rolls the jack to the other end of the green as a target.The players then take turns to bowl.

When all the bowls have been played, a competitor or team gets one point for each of their bowls that is closer to the jack than the opponent's closest bowl. Bowls can be played in singles, pairs, triples and four-player teams.

Short mat bowls is an indoor sport in which players attempt to score points by rolling a  bowl  less than a no 3 bias, 4 inches or 10 centimetres in diameter  along a carpet surface, to gain as many shots as possible by getting their bowls nearer to the jack than their opponents, and so outscore them. Special Olympics G.B. athletes play their competitions on short mat carpets length 30 ft (9 by 2 m) with a width of 6 ft (1.8 m) Competitions are generally singles and pairs.

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